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When China's control of the world

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1 When China's control of the world on Thu Mar 18, 2010 9:11 am


When China's control of the world

16/03/2010 tuesday
Beijing to alter the rules of the game on the currency and technology, trade, space and climate .. And so forth

When President Obama lived in Indonesia, in the late sixties of the last century, China is a malignant force in the north, where designs for communist officials plots to export revolution to the rest of Asia. But he will visit Jakarta later this month, now has a completely different attitude towards the People's Republic. Local companies to conclude agreements in the currency Chinese yuan rather than dollars. His Jakarta signed in financial trouble, as happened in 1997, you could have the use of a regional reserve fund worth 120 billion dollars, a copy of the International Monetary Fund is scheduled for launch this month, is funded in part by the huge Chinese reserves of foreign currency.

The economic issues and political rights in Asia are no longer traded during the visits, such as Obama's visit between individual countries and the United States, but in the summit meetings only includes China, Japan and South Korea and South-East Asia. When China Rules the World (Says Martin Jacques, author of the book, When China Rules the World (when China's control the world): "China has played a key role in this change of priorities, of the axis of« Asia Pacific »which had been concerned mainly American and Japanese interests to« East Asia »which China plays the pivotal role."

This fair: everyone understand that China deserves to have an important role in what happens in their region. But what most people have not noticed yet is that Beijing also wants to draft or at least contribute to the formulation of new rules for the course of the world in the future. According to Cheng Lee, research director at the John L. Thornton, Center for Chinese Studies at the Brookings Institution: "China now wants a seat at the head of the table. And its leaders expect to be among the key architects of global institutions."

Easy to forget that major international bodies such as the IMF and the World Bank established a small handful of nations led by the United States. These organizations have economic influence in the world, but that the world was subject to the hegemony of the superpower United States and its policies were saturated with American values. When Beijing was a young player, it was not always satisfied with their leaders on structural, but co-existed with them, to the extent that they faced strong popular opposition to joining the World Trade Organization.

However, China now has the largest influence in the world, and public opinion at home has become more hostile towards the West (to the degree of exaggerated nationalism in some cases). So I began to Beijing seeking greater effort to reformulate the international regulations to make them more suitable for China (and promote opportunities for continuation of the regime at the same time), taking into account the interests of Chinese nationalism on the one hand and the views of domestic critics who accuse the regime of "adulation" to the west of the other.

The irony is that U.S. officials often complain that Beijing does not play a greater role in the management of the world, refusing to participate in security efforts in Afghanistan, for example. But in most of these cases, ask China to participate in a system that was established, a system that considers biased strongly in the interest of the West. Chinese are more eager to participate in groups contributed to the formation, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, similar to NATO (NATO) in Central Asia, where China is playing (as the name suggests) the primary role. Although this alliance was more like a farce when it was founded in 1996, it has become a pillar of regional security.

Similarly, the Beijing's efforts to make the yuan a competitor of the dollar is making steady progress. In the past few months, China has signed contracts for the exchange of coins worth 100 billion dollars, with six countries, including Argentina, Indonesia and South Korea. Currency, the yuan has become the official trade between Southeast Asia and the Chinas provinces on the border. Says Gu Xiaosong, director of the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Nanning: "The next step is to use a currency, the yuan trade with India, Pakistan, Russia, Japan and Korea."

In the end, these countries will become able to use the Chinese currency to conclude agreements among themselves. In another important step has not received much media attention towards making the yuan's international currency can be traded freely, Beijing has taken a first version of an international treasury bonds in Hong Kong late last year.

And contribute to Beijing is also quietly in the restructuring of the Internet. The focus of recent media headlines, unlike China, with Google Inc., which announced it would refuse to comply with the laws of longer local control after it was to infiltrate corporate networks from computers tray. But the Chinese are working hard and separately to develop next-generation communication system via the Internet so-called IPv6, a sixth edition of the Internet Protocol. Is expected to be depleted by e-mail addresses that can be used in the current version, IPv4, by next year. Beijing is waiting impatiently for that day, because the vast majority of titles, which numbered approximately 1.4 billion in August 2007 I went to businesses and citizens, compared to 125 million only to China. This is less than e-mail address for every 100 people compared to five addresses per person in the United States.

IPv6 protocol will provide trillions of new e-mail addresses for various uses, ranging from Web sites and access to the smart home appliances and military applications, Beijing plans to get its full share of them. China also may enjoy a new opportunity for e-espionage. Unlike the previous protocol, the protocol allows IPv6 addresses to link computers or mobile devices is selected, which will provide China's ruling system the ability to monitor Internet users in China better.

All of these efforts stems from the strange mix of confidence and pride and concern. On the one hand, China is known to improve their technological capabilities quickly and believes that it can be preceded by the West in some areas. Rocher says Sharma, head of emerging markets in the "Morgan Stanley Investment Management": "I have always prevailed in China and other developing countries felt that the West is the desired destination, and suddenly changed." Scientists and Chinese researchers returning to their homes in large numbers to carry out research leading to well-funded laboratories.

On the other hand, is concerned about the Chinese that if they did not play a role in the formulation of new standards, that their enemies can manipulate to the detriment of their own. The regime tried to prevent the use of Microsoft software on government computers, for example, largely due to the belief that this software may contain "back door" allowing the U.S. government to launch cyber-attacks against China.

In fact, although China does not seek necessarily to control the world, the actions indicate that they give priority to their interests.

The programs of Beijing space highly confidential, but submitted to a large extent in recent years with the first successful experiment to an anti-satellite in 2007, followed by this year's launch of a missile able to get out of the atmosphere (Some Western security experts that it may already be a weapon new anti-satellite).

Earlier this month, China has confirmed it plans to launch a second unmanned lunar probe in October and the launch of a spacecraft in 2011 will be used in the first experiment carried out by the fusion of country, all in preparation for landing on the moon in 2013. Because of shrinking the budget of the U.S. space agency (NASA), China is now the only country that is substantial investments for space exploration.

What good reason for this large to the moon? It is clear that Beijing expects to gain greater material was done by Americans of their adventures in space.

Chinese scientists are sure that the space is the place to be to discover possible new energy sources such as helium-3, as well as new sources of rare metals that are used in large quantities in industrial production on the ground »Yi was quoted as Zilli Science Society as saying that China's space when the Chinese to the moon, "will not just take a piece of rock", which is a clear mockery of previous U.S. missions. Has not yet been drafting rules on the exploitation of resources beyond the earth. And when they are formulated, China wants to be a large share.

The same principle explains the country's progress in general to skip the rest of the world and ensure that have an active role in setting norms and standards for the future. He knows that it is able to move up the economic ladder more easily in the fields of new technology and the technology is still under development compared to traditional sectors, and this is why China, the largest cause of pollution on the ground, the largest government is also supportive of the technology-friendly environment.

Thanks to massive government subsidies, China has become now the leading manufacturer of equipment for generating solar and wind energy is now progressing rapidly to become a leader in the manufacture of the next generation of vehicles used for non-polluting energy sources. Batteries that are manufactured by "BYD" Chinese are currently using cell phones in the quarter, at least in the world »and now leads the company's global race to develop these batteries for use in the car, which is the biggest remaining obstacle to the establishment of a viable market for electric cars and hybrids.

Thanks to government regulations, China has the largest number of vehicles running on clean energy in the world. With improved technology, it is certain that Beijing will impose the use of clean vehicles in the Chinese consumer market (which last year surpassed the U.S. market in terms of the number of vehicles sold). The Chinese managed to develop the best technology adopted in the automotive sector and also in the development of a market this size, they can expect to control the future of the automotive sector worldwide.

That came that day, it will be interesting to see whether China and the rest of the world would continue to support the current regulations on free trade and open global competitiveness that enabled them to achieve their current level of peace and prosperity. From now on, you can see the disturbing changes in the way China with foreign companies. Ten years ago, Beijing has made every effort to attract investors from abroad.

Today, changed the rules. Plan for fiscal stimulus of $ 800 billion dollars and provided a lot of support and influence of public companies away from the private sector. The new laws on the integration of companies make it difficult for foreign institutions to buy Chinese companies.

In December, sent American Chamber of Commerce and 33 other business from around the world the message to Beijing objecting to the laws claim that they prohibit the entry of foreign firms into the lucrative markets that deal with providing the requisites for the Chinese government. The Beijing to extend its control over the investment sector in high-risk. One important private investment companies in the world, "Carlyle Group", forced to cooperate with the Beijing city government to allow them to invest in a larger number of deals in China.

The idea that with the growing wealth of China, will be simply like America, or at least more receptive to the U.S. agenda, seems wrong. China have never been changed under the impact of external pressures, is unlikely to happen now. And the general Chinese people, the pride of their nation's future offset by a gnawing feeling that prosperity is still new and fragile.

To the very rapid pace of change is particularly severe impact on the young Chinese, turning their attention to the home and enhanced their feelings of nationalism, a trend experts believe the likes of John Lee, a member of the Hudson Institute, as an influential factor in China's new policies the most aggressive in terms of security, trade and foreign relations. It is likely to increase the hostility until 2012, when it will change the leadership of the Communist Party. Officials who are competing for those positions, "will lose of their popularity that they are seen as lenient in any kind of negotiations with the United States," says Lee of the Brookings Institution.

It is clear that China has not yet reached to define itself: Is it a country rich or poor? Is it a fundamental force must play a leading role in global issues, or developing country is not supposed to only be concerned with special interests? Is likely to lead to this confusion, more and more failures, as happened in the climate change summit in Copenhagen last December, when Beijing thwarted the possibility of reaching an agreement by refusing to pledge to reduce emissions.

Emphasis was placed on disregard of Prime Minister Wen Jiabao, President Obama by sending low-level officials to the meeting of heads of key international countries. If China really wanted to get a seat at the table of the window, what good is sending a subordinate to fill this seat?

According to a foreign official was not authorized to talk the beginning of formal, it was not Wayne has the power to take decisions during the meeting. He preferred not to come to feel embarrassed because of the lack of such authority. (Chinese officials, who also objected to resolve the location of the inability to make decisions because his cell phone battery had run out).

In the end, the fear of China to suspend or be contained in the trap laid by the West, the reason behind most of the antics of the Chinese Mission in Copenhagen. It is not clear how will the world look like when the China changed. But the journey towards that world will be full of bumps.

بمشاركة تقاريــر مكتب نيوزويك في بكين With reports of the Office in Beijing, Newsweek

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