By Roy Gutman | McClatchy Newspapers Roy Gutman McClatchy Newspapers BAGHDAD — Iraqi Vice President Tariq al Hashimi struck back at the Shiite Muslim-led government Tuesday, dismissing official allegations that he had masterminded multiple assassinations of security officials as based on fabricated evidence.
In what amounted to the second round of a trial-by-television, Hashimi, a Sunni, ignored the arrest warrant over his head to stage a press conference in Iraq's semiautonomous northern Kurdish territory to proclaim his innocence. Hashimi said he was willing to go on trial to clear his name, but preferably in Kurdistan and not the Iraqi capital, where his house and office have been raided and his bodyguards stripped of their weapons and their badges granting access to the Green Zone. "I categorically deny plotting attacks on other politicians," he said. "I am within the law. I am not with the terrorists. I am not with violence."
He said Prime Minister Nouri al Maliki, a Shiite, was "100 percent responsible" for the allegations. In round one Monday night, state-run Iraqiya television broadcast "confessions" by three of Hashimi's bodyguards, who said the vice president had paid them to run hit squads against military personnel and police over the past two years.
The spectacle raised doubts whether a fair trial could be held anywhere. An even bigger question was whether the increasingly sectarian dispute would cause permanent damage to Iraq's fragile democracy just days after the United States withdrew its last military forces. In Washington, White House spokesman Jay Carney reiterated that the Obama administration was "obviously concerned" about the developments and had been in contact with Iraqi leaders of "all parties." But even as some Iraqi politicians described the United States as perhaps the only outside nation able to mediate the dispute, it wasn't clear what, if anything, the administration was prepared to do.
About the time Carney spoke, President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden were at Andrews Air Force Base, Md., for a ceremony marking the end of the war and the return home of the military colors of U.S. forces in Iraq. "We urge the Iraqi authorities charged with this responsibility to conduct their investigations into alleged terrorist activities in accordance with international legal norms and full respect for Iraqi law," Carney said.
The Iraqiya bloc, led by secular Shiite politician Ayad Allawi, which shares power with Maliki's State of Law bloc, has already said it will boycott the parliament and on Tuesday said it was withdrawing from the cabinet, where it has about 10 ministerial posts. Hashimi, who appeared on the verge of losing his composure several times, repeatedly described himself as a moderate who believed in punishing anyone involved in terrorism. In a somewhat odd remark, however, he issued an apology to the families of victims of what until now has been a string of unexplained killings.
What puzzled many observers was why Maliki had ordered the public airing of confessions, rather than collect the evidence needed to convict Hashimi. A number of lawmakers from different parties, including critics of Maliki, say they believe the allegations are factual. However, U.S. officials were aware of at least one previous attempt by Iraqi security forces to coerce confessions that implicated Hashimi, a longtime Maliki critic.
A November 2006 diplomatic cable obtained by WikiLeaks reported a meeting between U.S. officials in Iraq and a former Iraqi prisoner named Ahmed Mohammed Sami, who said he'd been tortured with electric shocks and other methods while in Iraqi army custody in Diyala province. "In total he counted seven times that he lost consciousness during episodes of torture in which he was told to agree to statements implicating Vice President Tariq al-Hashimi ... and Deputy Governor of Diyala Auwf Rahoumi al-Rabai ... in terrorist activities," the cable reports. The cable didn't specify U.S. officials' reaction to the comments.
One theory as to why Maliki aired the confessions is that he felt it was time to cut some Sunni politicians down to size following moves by Sunnis in two provinces, Salaheddin and Diyala, to seek regional status, which would assure a higher degree of autonomy from central rule. "It is an attempt to clip the wings of the other side," said Sheikh Human Hammoudi, chairman of the parliamentary committee on foreign affairs. "It is a matter of teaching the other side, or teaching this other person, his size, so that his participation in the political process becomes more balanced."
Hammoudi, a leading figure in Iraqi politics and a top official in the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, said Maliki had chosen a moment when the six mostly Sunni countries in the region that provide the most direct political support to Iraqi Sunnis — Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey — are preoccupied with uprisings that grew out of the Arab Spring. Hammoudi said he doubted that Maliki had pushed so hard with the charges against Hashimi that it would unbalance the country's political equilibrium. But there is no doubt that he unsettled some top political figures, starting with President Jalal Talabani, a Kurd, who has played a key role in finding a balance between the Shiite majority and the Kurdish and Sunni minorities.
Talabani issued a statement saying he was surprised by the airing of the confessions and the arrest warrant. Talabani said that only two days earlier he'd negotiated with Maliki an indefinite delay in both steps, and he criticized "hasty decisions ... which only complicates good political solutions at this sensitive time in Iraq's history."
Maliki's move may have been a response to a Kurdish maneuver earlier Monday, which left him politically embarrassed in a case involving a second Sunni politician, Deputy Prime Minister Saleh al Mutlaq, who has leveled harsh criticism of Maliki in two recent interviews on international news networks. While Maliki was holding talks with President Barack Obama last week, Mutlaq gave an interview to CNN in which he called Maliki a "dictator."
Maliki tried to oust him but a boycott of parliament by Kurdish lawmakers thwarted his move. Then, Mutlaq gave another provocative interview to the BBC World Service in which he compared Maliki unfavorably with Saddam Hussein, saying, "Saddam brought a lot of things to Iraq, like construction and roads and other sorts of things, whereas Maliki doesn't seem to be able to bring about such reforms to the country."
On Tuesday evening, Maliki sent word to legislators that he had deposed Mutlaq and would name another Sunni lawmaker in his place. But it wasn't clear if he had the authority to undertake any such action without parliament's approval. (Lesley Clark contributed from Washington and special correspondents Sahar Issa and Laith Hammoudi contributed from Baghdad.)