United Nations calls for the establishment of a federal Iraq
called on Iraq to the United Nations the establishment of the Federation Council to be ancillary to the House of Representatives. This came during a conference of the research department in the Iraqi Council of Representatives, in cooperation with the United Nations mission, to help Iraq and the participation of heads of parliamentary committees and the number of MPs, academics and intellectuals on the constitutional and legal framework of the Council of the Union, and ended Friday evening,
Where he called the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Iraq for political affairs, Georgi Boston Iraq to direct the establishment of the Federation Council, which provided for the new Iraqi constitution, to be the council secondly within the legislative authority in the country.
He pointed out that since this entity is comprised of representatives of the regions and provinces, it would be complement to the House of Representatives who represents the Iraqi people, in order to review laws passed by the House of Representatives, in addition to other tasks, which may be assigned to it under private law, such as review or believe what comes from the House or the executive branch.
He explained that this Council, which will comprise 36 members by representing each of the 18 provinces of the country Bnaúben by direct election .. Will represent a wider segment of society, including groups, components, and interests, which may not be usually represented in the legislature, through the electoral process, by which the selection of the House of Representatives or the People.
The Boston that "there is broad agreement among the leaders Iraqi political need to implement the constitutional article No. 65 Judge formation of the Council for the promotion and consolidation of democracy in Iraq. "
Meanwhile, the President of the House of Representatives Osama Najafi to the Federation Council to be formed is a necessity to complete the legislative constitutional system in the country. He added that there are many laws that did not initiate, and action is needed to complete the legislation "so that we can actually abide by the constitution fully committed, and there is a legal framework to regulate the functioning of society as the Constitution is the supreme law, which must be working and the jurisprudence of precision."
He explained that "the Constitution provided for the formation of the Union in the articles Dstureten, namely Article 48 and Article 65, which gave permission to the House of Representatives for the formation of this Council to vote by two thirds, which is sort of consensus, which emphasizes the need for a national consensus upon, because of its direct impact Check the laws before the final legislation. "
The First Deputy Chairman of the House of Representatives Qusay al-Suhail was pointed out that the Council of the EU is one of the councils, which is supposed to legislation, to be the completion of the legislative authority in the country. He said that Iraq is not new to the practice of democracy, but has a legacy well, as he had after the formation of the modern Iraqi state in 1921, parliament and the Council of elders ", which means it is not a new practice in custom political."
stressed the need for access to global experiences in building the Council with two chambers, although these tests are not all successful, because there is a traditional councils and other distinct .. He pointed out that it had been agreed with the United Nations to offer these experiences to the politicians. He explained that because of the absence of the Presidency in the current election cycle, which had a right to veto laws, the need has become urgent to the enactment of the Federation Council, a mechanism to regulate post provinces and territories to enhance decision-making.
It is noteworthy that Article 48 of the current Iraqi constitution states:
legislative power shall consist of the Federal House of Representatives and the Federation
Council. Article 65 of the Constitution on the Federation Council states that:
is created legislative council called the Federation Council, comprising representatives from the regions and governorates that are not organized in a region, and regulates the composition, membership conditions, and terms of reference, and everything related to it, the law enacted by a majority of two thirds of the House of Representatives.
The Nujaifi confirmed in the twenty-second of September last on the activation of the Federal Council during the current parliamentary session. Following this, the parliamentary legal committee said that the majority of its members agree to activate the Law of the Federation Council in the Iraqi constitution as a substitute for the Policy Board of the controversial, in order to resolve the differences between my state of law and Iraqi law regarding the adoption of the last